Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
 


 
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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 123-124  

Thalamic hamartoma presenting with tremor


1 Department of Neurology, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar; Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India
2 Department of Radiology, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India

Date of Web Publication4-Jan-2019

Correspondence Address:
Niraj Kumar
Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jnrp.jnrp_276_18

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How to cite this article:
Kumar N, Kumar D. Thalamic hamartoma presenting with tremor. J Neurosci Rural Pract 2019;10:123-4

How to cite this URL:
Kumar N, Kumar D. Thalamic hamartoma presenting with tremor. J Neurosci Rural Pract [serial online] 2019 [cited 2019 Jan 18];10:123-4. Available from: http://www.ruralneuropractice.com/text.asp?2019/10/1/123/249366



A 15-year-old female, with noncontributory past medical and family history, presented with gradually progressive right upper-extremity action tremor of 8-year duration. Neurological examination revealed right upper-extremity postural and kinetic tremor [Video 1]. Laboratory workup revealed a normal complete blood count, serum electrolytes, creatinine, glucose, liver, and thyroid function test. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain showed left thalamic mass lesion with the periphery appearing hyperintense on T1 and hypointense on T2 and gradient sequences and cerebrospinal fluid-like signal intensity in the center. Moreover, minimal postcontrast enhancement [Figure 1]. A noncontrast computed tomography brain showed dense calcification involving the thalamic lesion. The radiological findings favored left thalamic hamartoma. The tremor was medication-refractory, and the family deferred neurosurgical therapy.
Figure 1: Magnetic resonance imaging brain (a-d) shows a large lobulated lesion involving left thalamus with beaklike protrusion in the adjacent brain parenchyma. The periphery of the lesion appears hyperintense on T1-weighted image (a) and hypointense on T2-weighted and gradient recalled echo images (b and c) with minimal postcontrast enhancement (d). The center of the lesion shows cerebrospinal fluid-like signal intensity on all sequences. Non-contrast CT brain (e) shows dense calcification in the lesion

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Neuronal hamartoma is a rare disorder, commonly arising in the hypothalamus.[1] It is more common in males, with precocious puberty, pressure effects, and gelastic epilepsy being usual presenting features.[1] Till date, only two cases with hamartoma originating in the thalamus have been reported.[1],[2] While one case presented at the age of 8 with left upper-extremity tremor and weakness,[1] the other was born with severe macrocephaly and several congenital abnormalities including bilateral cleft lip and palate, right microphthalmos, left anophthalmos, and left foot equinovarus deformity with sudden death at the age of 7 years.[2] Our case had right upper-extremity action tremor with no cardiac, ocular, or skeletal abnormality. MRI brain in neuronal hamartoma may show calcification as was seen in our case.[1] Ischemic changes resulting from expanding hamartoma size may cause calcification.[1],[3] Minimal contrast enhancement in hamartoma may result from vascular hyperplasia.[1]

Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form, the patient has given her consent for her images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patient understand that names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
   References Top

1.
Kaneko T, Kawakami R, Fujinaga Y, Oguchi K, Nakayama J, Hongo K, et al. Degenerative thalamic hamartoma: CT and MR imaging features. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2004;25:766-8.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Rossiter JP, Khalifa MM, Nag S. Diencephalic neuronal hamartoma associated with congenital obstructive hydrocephalus, anophthalmia, cleft lip and palate and severe mental retardation: A possible new syndrome. Acta Neuropathol 2000;99:685-90.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Prasad S, Shah J, Patkar D, Gala B, Patankar T. Giant hypothalamic hamartoma with cystic change: Report of two cases and review of the literature. Neuroradiology 2000;42:648-50.  Back to cited text no. 3
    


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