Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 510-515

Preliminary results of the macedonian-adapted version of ages and stages developmental questionnaires

1 SENCO/Special Educational Needs Coordinator, Trondheim International School, Trondheim, Norway
2 Department of Psychology, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
3 Center on Human Development, University of Oregon, Eugene, USA
4 College of Education and Technology, Eastern New Mexico University, USA and Visiting Professor, Amity Institute of Rehabilitation Sciences, Amity University, India and Expert, Academic Council on the United Nations (UN) System, USA
5 Institute of Special Education and Rehabilitation. Faculty of Philosophy University "Ss. Cyril and Methodius". Skopje, Republic of Macedonia

Correspondence Address:
Dr Luis Anunciação
Department of Psychology, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro, Marquês de São Vicente, 225 - Gávea, Rio de Janeiro, RJ
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jnrp.jnrp_61_18

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Context: Early detection of developmental problems is critical, and interventions are more effective when they are carried out early in a child's life. In Macedonia, there are only four centers providing early intervention services. Aims: In this research, we determined the reliability of the translation and adaptation of Ages and Stages Questionnaires 3rd edition (ASQ-3-M) for assessment of children aged 3–5 years old in Macedonia, and reported preliminary results of the gender differences in the development. Materials and Methods: ASQ-3-M was completed by 165 parents and 40 educators in seven kindergarten classrooms. Children were 3–5 years old. Statistical Analysis Used: Cronbach's alpha, Intraclass Correlation coefficient (ICC), and interrater reliability (IRR) were used to assess ASQ-3-M psychometric properties. The Bayesian t-test was performed to estimate the difference in means between males and females. Results: The Cronbach's alpha ranged from 0.65 to 0.87. The overall ICC was 0.89 (ranged from 0.8 to 0.95), which indicates a strong to almost perfect strength of agreement between test-retest. IRR correlation revealed an average of 0.88 (ranged from 0.74 to 0.95), suggesting that ASQ-3-M is reliable and stable. Conclusions: The results from the comparison between males and females on all dimensions of ASQ-3-M were not statistically significant (BF10 <3), indicating no significant gender difference. That said, the ASQ-3 is recommended for routine use in screening children aged 3–5 years old.

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