Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 457-460

Impact on cognitive improvement following burr hole evacuation of chronic subdural hematoma: A prospective observational study

Department of Neurosurgery, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Vikas Maheshwari
Department of Neurosurgery, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune - 411 040, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jnrp.jnrp_126_18

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Objective: Patients of Chronic subdural haematoma can present with only subtle cognitive impairment without any motor deficit. It is hence imperative for the treating clinician to be aware of this entity. The aim of the study was to identify any statistically significant improvement of cognitive functions following burr hole evacuation of Chronic SDH especially in the elderly patients. Methods and Material: A Prospective observational study of 30 patients of CSDH, from Jan 2015 to Dec 2016 was done at a tertiary level Armed Forces Hospital.The study had 23 male, 07 female, with age ranging from 7-85 years. The cognitive function of each patient was assessed at admission and 24 hours after surgery by MMSE. Radiological confirmation was done by CT head. Standard two burr holes were made and hematoma evacuated. The clinical, cognitive assessment and radiological data were collected and analysed. Results: There was no statistical significance preoperatively between age and pre operative cognitive impairment, headache, hemiparesis, dysarthria (p>0.05). We however found a statistically significant improvement postoperatively in cognitive impairment, headache ( p= 0.00),motor deficit (p=0.01) and dysarthria (p=0.046). Conclusion: The clinical features of dementia and other neurodegenerative disorders simulate CSDH in the geriatric population. These patients should have early neuroimaging and prompt surgical intervention to alleviate cognitive deficits.

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