Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 335-341

Role of biofilm in cerebrospinal fluid shunt infections: A study at tertiary neurocare center from South India

1 Department of Neuromicrobiology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Neurosurgery, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
R Ravikumar
Department of Neuromicrobiology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru - 560 029, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jnrp.jnrp_22_17

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Introduction: Biofilms are the source of persistent infections of many pathogenic microbes. They are responsible for nosocomial infection and also associated with many surgical conditions including indwelling medical devices such as ventriculoperitoneal shunt. A significant problem encountered in shunt procedures is obstruction followed by infection, with infection rate ranging from 2% to 27%, often with poor outcome. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted in the Department of Neuromicrobiology at a tertiary neuroinstitute for 6 months from July 1 to December 31, 2014. The samples comprised cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from suspected cases of shunt infections. Laboratory diagnosis of causative agent was established by adopting standard procedures. Then, isolates were evaluated for production of biofilm by tissue culture plate (TCP) method and tube method. Results: Of the 1642 shunt CSF samples obtained from neurosurgery, 14.79% were culture positive which yielded 254 isolates. About 51.97% were Gram-negative bacilli (GNB), 46.46% were Gram-positive cocci (GPC), and 1.57% were Candida albicans. Among GNB, nonfermenters were the most common (51.52%) followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (15.9%). Among GPC, coagulase-negative Staphylococci were 88.13%, out of which 43.26% were methicillin-resistant. Other GPC were Enterococcus spp. (4.24%), Staphylococcus aureus (5.08%), and Streptococcus spp. (2.54%). Among all isolates, 120 were tested for biofilm production, out of which 57.5% were biofilm producers and 42.5% were nonproducers. Conclusions: TCP was the better method to detect biofilm. Most of the biofilm producers were resistant pathogens.

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