|LETTER TO THE EDITOR
|Year : 2016 | Volume
| Issue : 5 | Page : 123
A novel method of fixation of tracheostomy tube in cervical spine surgeries with posterior approach
Devendra Gupta, Ankur Khandelwal, Rudrashish Haldar
Department of Anaesthesiology, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
|Date of Web Publication||26-Dec-2016|
Department of Anaesthesiology, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rae Barelly Road, Lucknow - 226 014, Uttar Pradesh
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Gupta D, Khandelwal A, Haldar R. A novel method of fixation of tracheostomy tube in cervical spine surgeries with posterior approach. J Neurosci Rural Pract 2016;7:123
Securing of any external devices such as endotracheal tube (ETT), tracheostomy tube (TT), arterial and central venous catheters, nasogastric tubes, drainage tubes such as external ventricular drain, urinary catheters should be firm without being uncomfortable to the patients. Accidental dislodgement increases the possibility of replacing it subsequently with difficulty. Moreover, a life-threatening scenario can always be expected with dislodgement of endotracheal and TTs. This is usually seen in critical care settings where agitated patients wrench the ETT.
In the operating room (OR) settings, this scenario is relatively uncommon as the patient remains anesthetized. However, any surgery in prone position with TT in situ always increases the probability of accidental dislodgement. This is due to the effect of gravity superimposed by the weight of anesthetic breathing circuits during general anesthesia. This in turn demands properly securing TT so as to avoid accidental decannulation. Conventionally, TTs are secured with twill tapes which run through posterior part of the neck and held in position by applying knots (knot method). However, in surgeries of the cervical spine with posterior approach, this part of the tape obscures surgical field and needs to be removed. By far and common in surgeries of the cervical spine, the TT is held in front of the neck by sutures on either side (suture method). Even though uncommon, suturing might predispose to vessel injury apart from the cosmetic issues arising thereafter.
We have developed a slight modification of the conventional method where instead of making a knot, we stretch the twill tapes on the back, each running in front of the scapula and ending at infrascapular area on each side. This is followed by affixing the twill tapes on either side with adhesive tapes commonly available in the OR [Figure 1]. This helps to snuggly affix the TT in correct position [Figure 2]. At the same time, it avoids any impedance to the operation surgeon in the posterior aspect. This modification was applied in 20 patients of cervical spine surgery with the posterior approach with TT in situ. No undue complications such as injury or accidental dislodgement were noticed. Moreover, there is no extra expense involved in fixing the TT by this method as adhesive tapes are commonly available in the OR. Thus, from this correspondence, we would like to recommend the modified approach of securing TT in patients undergoing cervical spine surgery with the posterior approach.
|Figure 1: Posterior view image showing the modified approach of fixation of tracheostomy tube in cervical spine surgeries with posterior approach|
Click here to view
|Figure 2: Anterior view image showing appropriately fixed tracheostomy tube with modified approach|
Click here to view
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
[Figure 1], [Figure 2]